Glassware and Ceramic Museum of Iran was built 90 years ago upon the order of Ahmad Qavam (Qavam-ol-Saltaneh), the premier of Qajar King Ahmad Shah as a personal lodging (residence-cum-office). The building in which glass and clay works are on display is situated in a garden spread over 7,000 square meters and was used by Qavam himself until 1953 CE.
Later, the building was sold to the Egyptians as the new location for the Egyptian Embassy and remained in their possession for seven years.
When relations between Iran and Egypt were severed during the rule of Gamal Abdul Nasser, the Egyptian Embassy in Tehran was closed and the building was purchased by the then Commercial Bank.
However, it was sold in 1976 and turned into a museum jointly by Iranian, Austrian and French architects. The museum was opened in 1980 and was registered on the National Heritage List in 1998.
The main establishment of the museum that occupies an area of 1,040 square meters is a two-storey octagonal building with suspended pillars and a basement. It is situated on the entrance side of the premises. The architectural style of the building is a combination of Iranian style and European architecture of the 19th century.
The first floor is connected to the second one by Russian style wooden stairs.
Parts of the walls in the basement are decorated in traditional style with big tiles. Double windows have been used in the architecture of the building instead of terrace. Wooden doors have been installed behind the windowpanes to regulate the light and temperature of the interior. The exterior and interior of the museum includes decorations such as brick works, plaster works, mirror works and inlaid works.
The glass and clay works that are on display at the museum is among the rare collections in Iran. It comprises clay pots dating back from the 4th millennium BCE up to the present time as well as glass works from 1st millennium BCE up to the contemporary era. European glass works, belonging to the 18th and 19th centuries, are also parts of the collection. The collection is on display in six halls and two entrance halls in separate sections depicting different historical eras and subjects